Shanghai public housing
One of the utmost characteristics of Asian urban cities like Shanghai, Tokyo and Seoul is their high density. More and more people flow into the city looking for a better job and education and the needs of housing and limited space results a large scale of high-rise apartment buildings. However with this type of housing people were separated from the land and neighbors and there were no more daily life and communal activities. The house is no more home, but just a roof.
The question was how to make a home in an urban city satisfying the density and serving appropriate daily living space.
With the case of the public housing project in Sanghai, studied the possibility of rowmedium rise and high density housing. Achieving the request FAR 3(far area ratio) and the minimum one hour sun per a day, try to make a village in the city and focused on the three themes. DENSITY, COMMUNALITY and IDENTITY.
The formation of the blocks are clued from the Lilong housing scheme, which is the typical modern hosing development in the early 20c in shanghai, because of the value of communal life created in the lane and the materials applied like a chinese traditional brick and the open spaces between the blocks are carefully selected and designed to hold their own identity.
In a general view for a public housing, it’s the matter of repetition for the economic reason, but at the same time the diversity should be satisfied because people want their houses to be unique also. To arrive this challenge, designed the five types of standard unit and the composition of these different unit make various housing blocks and the color code applied to each block make them their own characters.
Housing is the most basic theme in architecture, but the most complicated one because it holds 24 hours of daily lives of all different people. Therefore try to design an architecture as a background which can contain all activities and the people who live there will complete it as time goes by.
Relatore: Cino Zucchi